Introduction to Access Control Systems:
Simply defined, the term “access control” describes any technique used to control passage into or out of any area. The standard lock that uses a brass key may be thought of as a simple form of an “access control system”.
Over the years, access control systems have become more and more sophisticated. Today, the term “access control system” most often refers to a computer-based, electronic card access control system. The electronic card access control system uses a special “access card”, rather than a brass key, to permit access into the secured area.
When used within this document, the term “access control system” refers to an electronic card access control system.
Access control systems are most commonly used to control entry into exterior doors of buildings. Access control systems may also be used to control access into certain areas located within the interior of buildings.
The purpose of an access control system is to provide quick, convenient access to those persons who are authorized, while at the same time, restricting access to unauthorized people.
A standard Access Control system is multi-functional and extra intelligent as it can achieve several security objectives in the deployed facility:
- Time and Attendance – Employee management
- Manage visitors. Integrated to video door phone and biometric system
- Manage public area
- Manage parking lots with vehicle barriers integrated into it